Management has been defined differently by one-of-a-kind authors. Traditional authors outline it as an artwork of having matters achieved. In contrast, modern authors define it as a technique of accomplishing certain goals using human & other resources. Management is an essential part of any purpose-orientated hobby. In this article, you will know the meaning and characteristics of management.
Traditional Definition of Management
According to C.S. George, “Management is composed of having things executed via othersA Manager is one that accomplishes organizational targets through directing the efforts of others”.
Traditionally, Management is described as an artwork of having things carried out through others. The individual who directs the efforts of others is called Manager. He accomplishes the organization’s dreams via & with the help of operative personnel.
Modern Definition of Management
According to Harold Koontz & Weirich, “Management is the creation & protection of internal surroundings in a corporation where individuals, operating in agencies, can perform efficiently & effectively towards obtaining institutional goals.”
According to Henri Fayol, “To Manage is to forecast & plan, to arrange, to command, to coordinate & to manipulate.”
Characteristics of Management
It’s critical to realize its features or characteristics of management to apprehend the nature of control. The simple features or traits of Management are as follows:
The purpose of Management is to acquire the dreams of the corporation. There is no want for Management without predetermined dreams or targets. It is one of the main characteristics of management. The success of Management is judged through the volume to which organizational goals are achieved. The simple motive of Management is to gain the most efficiency of the business enterprise.
2. Continuous Process
Management is a non-stop procedure, i.e., its functions are repeated times & once more, Management does not prevent anywhere. It is an ongoing procedure of planning the activities & execution of plans through organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. This cycle continues.
3. Intangible Force
Management has been called the unseen pressure. Its presence is obvious by using the effects of its efforts-orderliness, higher output, uniformed personnel, and many others. Thus, the sensation of Management’s results is known. People frequently touch upon the effectiveness of control on the premise of the end consequences, even though they can’t examine it for the duration of the operation.
In truth, control is multidisciplinary. It is a method that, although for a particular concern & has evolved as such, is deeply indebted to diverse disciplines from which it has gained significantly. Developing itself into a particular concern, it has benefitted from numerous disciplines like psychology, sociology, economics, and arithmetic. Multidisciplinary is the characteristics of management. The integrated information of different topics has made a precious contribution to the challenge of Management. It is called the foundation of Management.
5. Pervasive Activity
Management is important for the powerful performance of any organized hobby. Thus it is common in nature. The standards & techniques of Management have popular hotel management software. They can be applied to all varieties of business enterprise-enterprise, social, educational & religious. However, the concepts & techniques have to now not be applied as they’re not rigid legal guidelines & can be changed to fit the given scenario.
6. Balances Effectiveness & Efficiency
Sound control calls for all organizational sports to be achieved successfully & effectively. An employer is effective if it can accomplish its goals on time. It is called efficient because it can use its resources with the least waste.
Management is an integral part of any institution’s activity. Adopting any prepared activity involving organizational efforts to pursue nicely defined goals or objectives is vital. It can’t exist independently of the group agency it manages.
8. As A System
Modern control experts don’t forget Management as a system whilst control is being looked upon as a gadget; its approach we are shifting speedily to the route of thru and absolute knowledge. The idea of control considers the entire company as a single unit with many departments. This idea of control considers the numerous departments of the enterprise no longer as separate gadgets because their objectives are not distinctive from the objectives of the corporation & all feature unitedly for the attainment of the employer’s goals. In reality, this idea of Management lays pressure upon the coordination between diverse business enterprise activities.
9. Social Science
Social technology is hooked up to humans. Management is social, technological know-how like different social sciences- economics, sociology, political science etc. It is related to a guy as a social being who is a touchy, reasoning & dynamic being & who can’t be dealt with like the inanimate objectsMan has absolute liberty to trade his behaviour according to need. The manager accepts the control principles as steerage but not for making final choices now.
10. Inborn & Acquired Quality
Management ability can be inborn, or it can be acquired. According to the conventional concept of Management, management potential is an inborn high quality, which means managers aren’t made but born. In different phrases, this capability is inherited & can’t be acquired with the assistance of training & training. According to the modern idea of Management, however, if someone does not own the gift of in-born control capability, there’s no motive for worry because it could be acquired from numerous establishments.